The Every Student Succeed Act (ESSA) requires data to be collected on the academic advancements and supports of subgroups. A subgroup refers to groups based on racial/ethnic status, socio-economic status, English-language ability, and disability status. In a report, Ensuring Equity in ESSA: The Role of N-Size in Subgroup Accountability, initiated by the Alliance for Excellent Education, n-size is defined as state-set minimum number of students required in a subgroup at the school, district, and state-levels. When states have n-sizes too large, many problems can result including subgroups may not be counted in the data. Lower n-sizes allows states to effectively identify and support underserved students, while staying true to the civil rights imperative inherent within the Every Students Succeeds Act (ESSA).
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